Gallery: Encino's "1,000 Year Old" Oak Tree
The images above were made by the author in conjuction with the article below written for the Spring 1992 issue of the L.A. Pierce College magazine The Bull.
A Tall Tree's Tale
By Will Campbell
Wherever you are at this moment, chances are that on the precise spot where you're reading these word , it can safely be said that on this date 1,000 years ago nothing much happened. There are those of us that feel the same can be said for the entire San Fernando Valley.
It is true that great revolutions were not spawned in what is now known to be Chatsworth. Little or no Civil War battle activity took place in the Sepulveda Basin. Woodland Hills holds no architectural ruins of ancient civilizations that boggle the mind in awe of their mass and construction. No, Warner Center does not count.
But contrary to popular account, the San Fernando Valley did not suddenly come into existence when developers moved in after World War II. It's floor did not suddenly just blossom from nothingness into grids of single-family homes, swimming pools and street lights. There is a history here. Although not one as exciting as say, London's, it extends back in time almost as far. And though by the year 963 we can find that the London Bridge was already in existence, around that same time, an oak tree began to grown in what is now Encino.
It is a magnificent oak tree. And unlike the bridge, the final version of which now resides in Arizona as a tourist attraction, the oak tree is in the same place it has always been. It is the storyteller of the Valley more than a million of us call home.
Just think, the Encino Oak
was growing, perhaps just a sapling, when the Vikings were raiding England.
It existed before the delivery of our
present arithmetical notation by the Arabs to Europe. It predates the
development of a musical notation system. In an abstract sense it is
older than music and numbers.
But it's just a tree, right? A living presence, agreed, but really, it does little more than provide birds a place to nest and wary travelers shade from the sun, right?
Visit this tree. Visit this California Live
Oak, also known as the Lang Oak or the Encino Oak Tree, with its trunk
24-feet around, and a branch
spread that forms a leafy canopy some 150-feet across.
But look at the oak's surroundings. Asphalt, street signs, cinderblock and smog. Crammed between a shopping center and a savings and loan on Louise Avenue just south of Ventura Boulevard, the tree is imprisoned in a small corner of the pave-every-inch world we have created. We have defined its world. With its trunk surrounded by a concrete median as automobiles slip back and forth, fouling its air, we have captured and caged it and ignored it like the last living example of an extinct species.
Look at its leaves. They are coated and sticky with grime and soot. Beneath it, there is no ground to walk on. Encircling it are wooden pallets that presumably protect the surface roots from damage and help prevent soil erosion.
Yet with all this encroachment, with its natural environment plastered and painted over, the oak still stands tall and proud, but not without its wounds. A study by renowned arborist Alex L. Shigo led him to state in a Los Angeles Times article that the tree's illnesses were probably a result of damage caused by road construction projects. He determined that the oak's trunk had been ailing for as long as 15 years, and recommended a 10-square-foot patch of bark be removed to aid in the healing process.
"Once the bark is removed, the wood inside should be cleansed of burrowing insects," Shigo told the Times. It was, and the tree continues to survive with both the help and hindrance of man.
Now, the implication being made is not one of an uncaring community that would sacrifice the tree in the name of progress. After all, the Lang Oak was declared Historical Monument No. 24 on Sept. 6, 1963, by the Cultural Heritage Board of the Municipal Art Department of the city of Los Angeles. And Encino, which means "oak" in Spanish, is clearly a community that takes great pride in its historical asset. But could you picture a condominium complex going up next door to the San Fernando Mission, which was founded in 1797? Would the city approve a convenience store going up next to the Andres Pico Adobe, built in Mission Hills in 1834?
Both of these places are of great historical importance and have a well-deserved distance from commercialism and crowding brought on by poor city planning. If you don't believe in the benefit of distance, just ask the Encino Oak's younger cousin over in Canoga Park at Historical Monument No. 31: the Orcutt Ranch Horticultural Center. A mere 700 years old, this thriving Coastal Live Oak overlooks rose gardens, citrus and walnut groves, along with the many other varieties of trees, shrubs and flowers that occupy the center's 26 acres. It's too bad William Orcutt and his wife Mary didn't own the land around the Encino Oak, because it's a safe bet they would have understood the importance of protecting its natural environment.
It was that natural environment first observed and detailed on an August day in 1769, about seven years before the signing of the Declaration of Independence. Father Juan Crespi, traveling with an expedition led by Gaspar de Portola in an exploration north from San Diego to Monterey, had this to say about the valley they beheld as they crossed over the Sepulveda Pass through the Santa Monica Mountains.
"We saw a very pleasant and spacious valley," he wrote. "We gave to this plain the name Valle de Santa Catalina de Bononia de los Encinos."
Can you imagine seeing the San Fernando Valley as he saw it? Take away the millions of people, cars, house, businesses. Erase the roads, power lines, trash and everything else, and you're left with the pristine solitude of "Valle de los Encinos." It would be nice to imagine Crespi, Portola and the entire expedition, crested the rim of the Sepulveda Pass, dropped down to the valley floor, headed west along the Los Angeles River — the real thing, not the oversized drainage ditch we now possess — and after traveling for not more than a couple miles and encountering a few of the valley's native inhabitants — the Tongva and Chumash Indian groups — soon discovered in front of them a stately oak tree that would provide them with the perfect place to set up camp for the next day's examination of the area.
And after corralling the livestock and horses, with the expedition making camp, it would be nice to believe that Portola, observing the grand oak and choosing a spot beneath the leafy boughs for his tent, leaned against the tree's sturdy trunk and appreciated the shade it provided against the hot afternoon sun.
Did it happen that way? Did the Portola expedition drift off to sleep later under the protection of the Encino Oak tree? Who knows? But if it did, it happened with the oak close to its 800th birthday. And yet, it happens now, with the oak approaching its 1,030th. Not with a brave explorer beneath the tree, but with a lonely, lost woman.
She would not give her name when asked, but she did confide that she loved to spend time with "her tree." Homeless for years, she said she tries to pick up after the people who throw trash from their cars. She doesn't like people that try to "hurt" the tree that way.
On a Sunday afternoon she was there, sitting across the street from the oak and watching it carefully. She said the tree was "very, very old" and pointed to plaques that had been placed in recognition of its historical status. She added that she's not allowed to sit under the tree for very long. When the police come they tell her to move. But she loves to sleep under the tree when she can.
"It makes me feel safe," she said.
And although she said she moves around quite a bit, she does not worry about the tree when she's away from it. "I miss it, but I know it will be there when I come back," she said.
A lot of people feel that way.
The Encino Oak has been a local anchor of stability in an ever-transforming city and world. When you look at, or touch the tree, you can see and feel the past, present and future at once. Frozen. As if the tree is a time-traveler that never moves. It is the then, the now and the what-will-be, rolled up into one awe-inspiring organism. It deserves respect, consideration and admiration. Above all, it needs our protection.
Without it the Encino Oak will be history.
— • —
In a touch of irony that pointed to the fact that the 50-odd years of valley growth and development was a strong contributor to the tree's death, I am proud to write that its limbs did crush two empty cars parked within reach of its 150-wide bough spread.
As the sound of chainsaws filled the air, many people who came to the scene of destruction over the somber days that followed openly wept as if losing an old friend. Some made dashes under the yellow police tape to get a branch here, a twig there… something with which to remember the 1,000-year-old landmark that was now history.
Heartsick, I myself took nothing more than a single, small leaf that I still have. It was enough.
A year later, near the first anniversary of the oak's demise, another oak tree was planted, and a section of the 1,000-year-old oak's trunk was placed near where the majestic tree had once stood so tall and proud. I'm not sure if the monument serves as testament to the oak's grandeur, or our failure to protect it.